Nail fungus

What is the cause of nail fungus?

In healthy and normal people, fungal nail infection is mostly caused by sweat and humidity. One of the main places for the transfer and creation of fungi are public showers in swimming pools or gyms. Going to beauty salons to take care of nails is another factor for getting nail fungus. If sanitary equipment is not used in these centers, it will be possible to transfer and create fungus. Living with someone who has this problem can also cause the fungus to spread.

According to observations, athletes are more susceptible to nail fungus than other people, because they wear tight shoes and their socks stick to their feet and their nails suffer a lot of blows during training. For this reason, nail fungus is common in these people. In addition, chronic blows can also be a factor for weakening nails and putting them at risk of fungal infection.

Old age and suffering from some diseases also increase the possibility of nail fungus. Diseases are problems that affect the body’s immune system and, as a result, increase the possibility of fungal infection. For example, we can mention AIDS, types of diabetes (type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, etc.), cancer, psoriasis, etc. Taking immunosuppressive drugs such as steroids can have a similar effect and cause a yeast infection.

Is nail fungus contagious?

Although nail fungus is usually transmitted to a person from certain places, it is not very contagious. Nail fungus is so common that more than one person in the family is affected by it.

Symptoms of nail fungus

Most of the time, nail fungus is unpleasant in appearance before it causes pain and discomfort. Of course, there is pain and discomfort in some people. This pain and discomfort is aggravated by wearing shoes, doing activities and picking the nails in the wrong way. Some types of fungi affect the nail. One of the most common fungi is called Trichophyton rubrum. This type of fungus has a great tendency to infect the skin and is known as “dermatophyte” and reproduces in the following ways:

The fungus starts from the tip of the nail and covers it all

This condition is called terminal onychomycosis under the nail. This type of fungus is the most common type of infection and in 90% of cases, people involved with this problem are infected with this type of fungus.

Onychomycosis is mostly seen in the toes, and the big toe is usually the first toe where the fungus is seen. Risk factors for this type of nail fungus include aging, swimming, athlete’s foot syndrome, psoriasis, types of diabetes, having fungus in family members or having a suppressed immune system. This fungus usually starts with a change in color at the corner of the big toenail and slowly moves towards the root of the nail. Finally, the toenails become brittle and flaky. Sometimes, you may also see symptoms of athlete’s foot syndrome in the area between the toes or peeling of the soles of the feet. This condition often occurs along with onychomycosis, the main cause of which is T. It is in front of me.

The fungus starts from the base of the nail and covers it all

This type of nail fungus is called primary onychomycosis under the nail. Among the types of fungi, this type has the lowest prevalence and is seen in only 3% of cases. This type of fungus is similar to the previous one, but the difference is that it starts from the base of the nail and slowly extends to the tip of the nail. This nail fungus is always seen in those whose immune system is weak. Unlike the previous case, in this case the fungus is rarely seen under the nail tip. The main cause of this type of fungus is T. rubrum and non-dermatophytic fungi.

How to diagnose nail fungus?

Physical examination alone is not a suitable method to diagnose nail fungus. Various conditions and problems can look similar to nail fungus. So the work of doctors in diagnosis is somewhat difficult. In fact, studies show that only 50 to 60 percent of cases of abnormal nail changes are caused by fungus. Therefore, laboratory tests are always needed for correct diagnosis.

A sample of the nail, by making a hole or removing a part of it, is sent to the laboratory for further examination. In the laboratory, the sample is examined and cultured and tested by polymerase chain reaction. This is done to detect the genetics of organisms. It takes about 6 weeks for sampling and culture to determine the test result. But PCR takes only one day. Of course, the cost of this test is high and therefore, it is done less frequently.

Your Nail’s color

Are your nails black?

Blackening of nails is not always a concern. Apart from bruises caused by pressure and impact that can turn your nails black, these problems, some of which are low-risk and some are troublesome, can be the reason for your nails turning black.
The first reason: The first reason that can lead to the blackening of your nails is the change in pigmentation that happens due to genetic reasons. Just as a change in the color of the grains can lead to the birth of a mole on your body, your nails can also turn black with such a change.
The second reason: if only a dark line extends from the lower part of the skin of your nail to its tip (or if the size and shape of this line changes quickly), be careful! Your problem that this vertical line has turned green on your nail is more serious than we can summarize it in the form of changing pigments. A skin tumor may present itself in the form of this black appearance. Experts say that seeing such marks on the nails, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The third reason: if you see such a line on your nail, keep your cool. There may be no cancer or death and only a fungal infection that shows itself in dark gray or green color living under your nail.

Are your nails blue?

Owners of blue nails are not as lucky as owners of black nails. The former group, if they have not suffered from skin cancer, can remove the blackness of their nails with simple methods, but those who have blue nails need serious treatment for their problem.
The first reason: the blueness of your nails can indicate a blood supply disorder in your body. You, who see this color on your hand, probably have a problem that does not allow enough blood oxygen to reach your fingertips. Maybe a simple disorder in blood circulation is the cause of this ugliness.
Second reason: Your problem may be much more serious than a simple disorder. Having serious heart disease or lung problems can cause problems in your circulatory system and make your nails look blue by not getting oxygen to them.

Are your nails white?

There are countless troubling problems that can cause your nails to turn white. In the most optimistic conditions, those who have white nails are a little nervous, but among these people, there are not few people who suffer from serious disorders in the functioning of their internal organs.
The first reason: Malnutrition and lack of necessary nutrients to the body can be one of the most basic physical problems that manifests itself in the form of white and pale nails.
The second reason: if instead of your whole nail turning white, only white spots appear on it, see a neurologist. Maybe you are constantly manipulating and pressing your nails throughout the day without realizing it. But if your nerves are not weak, you are probably doing housework all the time, and while working, your nails are hit, which causes them to become stained.
The third reason: But the most important possibility that should be taken seriously is liver disease, so if you eat well, go to a liver specialist as soon as you see the whiteness of your nails. According to experts, white nails, especially if they have a dark border, may indicate serious liver diseases.

Are your nails yellow?

Not all nail problems are caused by internal diseases. Sometimes negligence in taking care of this apparently resistant organ or neglecting its hygiene can cause its color change or shape change. Owners of yellow nails are often included in the group of careless people.
First reason: Fungal infections can be the cause of yellowing of your nails. If you have implanted your nails, it is better to check the possibility of infection before investigating other possible reasons and get rid of the thought of re-implantation. If you do not take care of this problem as soon as possible, the infections may show themselves in the form of thickening of your nails.
Second reason: these probabilities are not very strong. But in some cases, owners of yellow nails complain of more serious diseases such as thyroid, lung problems, diabetes and arthritis.
The third reason: If you keep the nail polish on your nails for a long time and only change the color of your nails without letting them breathe for a few days, you should also make your nails yellow. Fortunately, in this case, after a few days of resting the nails and strengthening them, the yellow color will decrease to a great extent.

What is nail psoriasis and how do I treat it?

Psoriasis is a chronic disease of the immune system that causes the body to produce many skin cells and excessive production of cells on the skin will be accompanied by the formation of red scales, white and silver spots or blisters.
Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body, including the chest, arms, legs, and nails. About thirty-five percent of people with psoriasis notice changes in their nails, and the reason why nail psoriasis is seen in some people and not in others has not yet been definitively determined by doctors.
In the following, we will discuss the complete examination of nail psoriasis, symptoms and treatment measures.

What is nail psoriasis?

Nail psoriasis leads to changes in fingernails and toenails, from discoloration to changes in the shape of the nail bed. These symptoms can have psychological and physical effects on a person and affect the quality of life. Nail psoriasis is usually associated with other forms of the disease, because nails are part of the skin, and it can resemble a fungal infection such as onychomycosis, which is accompanied by thickening of the nails. In addition, onychomycosis often occurs together with nail psoriasis, which can make the diagnosis difficult.

The correct and timely diagnosis of this disease is very important, because the treatment of fungal infection is different from the treatment of nail psoriasis, and every person suffering from psoriasis with nail changes should make sure that the doctor has sufficient information about psoriasis or no

Signs and symptoms of nail psoriasis

Observing the following changes in fingernails and toenails can be a sign of nail psoriasis.

Nail color change: nails may turn white, yellow or brown, and in some cases, small white or red spots may be seen under the nails.
Nail surface changes: such as the formation of ridges or grooves in the nails or the formation of small holes in the nail surface.
Accumulation of debridement: white and plaster-like substances accumulate under the nail, which can cause the nail to separate from the skin, which will also be accompanied by pain.
Nail thickening: About one-third of people with nail psoriasis are involved in fungal infections, which eventually lead to nail thickening and can also cause nail brittleness.
Detachment of the nail: the nail loosens or separates from the nail bed.
The occurrence of some of the mentioned symptoms can make it difficult to move the fingers and toes, and pain and stiffness will be felt in the nails.

Prevention of nail psoriasis

Nail care is one of the most effective ways to treat and prevent nail psoriasis. Compliance with the following measures will also be effective:

Keeping the nails short in order to prevent damage or lifting of the nail from the bed.
Refrain from chewing or picking nails.
Use protective gloves when playing sports, washing dishes, or when hands are in water.
Keeping nails clean to prevent infection.
Using moisturizing cream on nails to prevent cracking and brittle nails.
Refraining from cleaning nails with sharp objects, in order to prevent nail separation.
Wearing shoes that fit the size of the foot, so that there is enough space for the toes.

Nail color disorders

White spot on the nail

White spot in the nail is a type of nail disorder that occurs in connection with another disease called hypoalbuminemia (lower blood albumin than normal). This disease is characterized by complete whiteness or a white spot on the nail. This condition can appear by taking cytotoxic drugs (a type of anti-cancer drug) on ​​the nail, in which case white parallel lines appear on the nail. White spots have developed as a side effect of chemotherapy in several patients with glandular disease. Sometimes white nails occur due to arsenic poisoning (a type of toxic substance), lung infections or kidney failure.
This disease can be in many forms, in the form of white spots, white lines, and white broken lines. Change in the color of the small dermatrix of the nail (nail root), whiteness, pink or red color in more than half of the nail, white spots on the sides of the nail near the cuticle is one of the types of this disease. White lines are defined as transverse lines on the nail, while white interrupted lines show the whole nail as white, and white spots sometimes appear on the nail.

Bio – beau lines

These lines are defined as deep furrowed lines on the fingernail, which appear from one side of the nail to the other side. These lines are generally bilateral and occur during several physical diseases, such as temporary stoppage of nail growth. Doctors also believe that these diseases can occur due to infection or some problems in the nails. Unilateral bio line is very unusual and this line appears as a raised or depressed fracture on the nail. Bio lines can occur for several reasons.
One of these causes is malnutrition. Lack of iron and zinc and in conditions such as anemia or diabetes and major metallurgical problems can cause this disease in the nails. This problem can be solved by cleaning the nails, by keeping the nails short and using a nail moisturizer and nail cuticle (a thin layer of skin in the part where the nail grows, which the nail is fed from) and He used less nail polish and nail cleaners.

Yellow nail syndrome

This type of nail disorder is very rare. This disorder is a combination of lymph bronchiectasis (a chronic disease of bronchial dilation in the lungs with bad breath) and pneumonia or pleurisy. The symptoms of this disease are swelling of the lymph nodes in different parts of the body, especially in the hands and feet. 50% of this disease is difficult to treat. This disease occurs more often in toenails than in fingernails and causes the nail plate to separate from the nail blade (the nail blade is the white part of the nail that grows outward). Both the nail and the skin under the nail can be affected by this disease and it can turn that part of the skin yellow, black, white and green. This disease is often associated with diabetes and respiratory disorders. Yellow nail syndrome is more likely to occur in middle age, but under hereditary factors, it can also put young people at risk of this disease.

Flip your nails over and see what color they are. Are they bright and pink or blue and blue? Are they shiny and hard or do they break easily and are they linear? You may see these seven signs mentioned below on your nails, don’t just think about the beauty of your hands and feet and don’t try to cover up the flaws and health of your nails with manicure. Researchers say that if the nails do not have a good shape and color, in addition to the nails becoming ugly, they are also a sign of a disease that you should not ignore.

Foods that make your nails strong and grow

If you want to have shiny and healthy nails, add these foods to your diet.


Eggs are rich in protein and strengthen bones, hair and nails, and are also rich in biotin, vitamin D and B12. Biotin helps strengthen nails and makes them less brittle.


Minerals such as zinc and copper are vital for making nails and hair. These minerals are also found in oatmeal.


Salmon also has nutrients that play a role in bone strength and nail growth. In addition, it has vitamin D, which is useful for bone growth.


Beans also play a role in the growth of nails because they contain biotin. So use beans in your diet.

Sunflower seeds

Sunflower seeds

Sunflower seeds contain nutrients and minerals such as manganese and copper that increase the production of connective tissue in cartilage and bones.

Olive oil

Olive oil is one of the best natural ingredients to strengthen and grow fast nails, olive oil contains vitamin E that strengthens your nails and keeps them moist. In addition, it improves blood circulation and repairs damaged nails. Heat olive oil and apply it to the nails before going to bed, massaging gently for 5 minutes.

Alternatively, soak your nails in warm olive oil for 15 to 30 minutes to promote nail growth. Use these methods every day to get the desired result.

Coconut oil

Coconut oil is useful for healthy and beautiful nails. Coconut oil contains important nutrients that are useful for maintaining moisture, strengthening and also treating cuticle infections and nail fungus. Massage your nails and hands with coconut oil at night before going to bed.

Alternatively, combine 1/4 cup of organic coconut oil, 1/4 cup of honey, and 4 drops of rosemary essential oil, heat for about 20 seconds, then soak your nails in it for 15 minutes. Repeat these methods every night to get results.

Bitter and sweet almond oil

Almond oil in two types, bitter and sweet, is one of the home methods to strengthen nails naturally. Almond oil is a rich source of vitamin E, which, in addition to moisturizing the nails, prevents them from cracking and drying.

Pour some almond oil on your hands and massage it on your nails and hands and let the oil absorb well. Repeat this method every day for two weeks to get results.


Vaseline can strengthen your fingernails and toenails and make your nails firm and strong. Wash your hands with soap and water, massage some Vaseline on your nails and the whole hand, let it stay for 3 to 5 minutes, and then Wash with soap and water.

Orange juice

Orange juice is another natural ingredient that can strengthen and grow nails quickly. Orange juice contains vitamin C and folic acid, which are essential for nail growth. Soak your nails in fresh orange juice for 10 minutes, then rinse them with warm water and apply a moisturizing cream on them. Do this once a day to get the desired results.

Sour lemon

Lemons contain vitamin C, which is essential for nail growth, and fresh lemons help treat yellow nails and make your nails more beautiful. Mix one tablespoon of lemon juice and three tablespoons of olive oil. Heat it a little and then dip the nails in it for 10 minutes. In another method, massage a piece of fresh lime on your nails for 5 minutes, then wash them with warm water and apply cream on them. Apply moisturizer. Do these methods every day.


If you apply garlic on your nails, it can make your nails grow faster. Massage a clove of fresh garlic on your nails and leave it on the nails for an hour, then wash the nails with water and apply fresh lime on them. Apply on nails.

Baking soda

Baking soda can make nails hard.

Add a spoon of baking soda to a cup of warm water and put the nails in this solution for a few minutes, then dry the nails and massage them with moisturizing cream.


Henna can strengthen and grow nails.

Soak some henna powder in water and leave it for a day, apply henna on the nails using a cotton swab and leave it for 15 to 30 minutes, then wash it off and apply moisturizing cream on the nails.

Henna may change the color of the nails, but it also strengthens the nails and makes them grow faster.


Due to the presence of vitamins and minerals, milk can help to strengthen and grow nails quickly. Heat some milk and soak the nails in it for 10 minutes, then wash with warm water. This will make the color of the nails brighter and strengthens them.

Slow down the growth of nail

All the organs of the body need several factors to grow. One of these organs is the nails, which cannot be ignored. Taking care of the nails is a natural thing, because the nails are considered a beautiful part of the human body. There are changes in the size of the thickness of the nails, but it must grow. If you are one of those people who have stopped or slowed down the growth of your nails, it is better to continue this article. Many factors can play a role in the growth and stopping of nails. Nails need various vitamins and minerals for optimal growth, each of which can be obtained through food and medicine. The normal growth of nails will be about 3 to 4 mm per month, and this happens more in hand nails, i.e. hand nails. They grow more than toenails, in conditions less than this, their growth is slow.

Causes of nail growth stop

Anemia and improper nutrition

Lack of care


Inappropriate shoes (high and narrow heels)

Lack of healthy body oils

The effect of anemia and improper nutrition on nail growth

One of the factors that stop the growth of nails is anemia. Meat, especially red meat, is rich in iron. Of course, white meat also contains protein and iron, but it is found more in red meat. If your child does not show interest in eating meat, change the cooking method. Change or replace with white meats such as chicken or seafood. Legumes and eggs are also rich in protein and iron, but they are not absorbed by the body as much as meat. Lack of calcium slows down the growth of nails. To get calcium, zinc and phosphorus in the amount He received enough dairy, beans and meat.

Lack of nail care

Factors such as constant use of nail polish can reduce nail growth, as well as strong abrasives to remove nail polish, not using a file to care for nails and prevent nails from becoming brittle can cause nails to become brittle, some children even into adulthood. They also do not get rid of the habit of nail biting. Nail biting makes the sharp tips of the nails slow down and they do not grow well. Even the saliva of the mouth will cause the nails to peel and create fungi around the nails.

Genetics can affect nail growth

The shape and growth of nails can have a genetic basis. Some nails that grow or stop may be due to genetic factors.

Inappropriate shoes

Using narrow shoes or high heels puts a lot of pressure on the fingers and nails, which affects the growth of the nails

Decreased nail growth due to decreased body oil

The lack of healthy and useful oils in the body can cause the nails to not grow optimally. To compensate for this, it is necessary to use oils such as olive and sesame. Detergents cause brittleness and remove the fat of the skin and nails. Use gloves when washing dishes. and massage your hands with oil or calcerin after taking a bath or washing dishes or hands

How to have strong and beautiful nails?

Always keep your nails clean

As you clean your facial skin every day, you should also clean your nails and clean any dirt and pollution from under your nails. Even if you use dark nail polish, you should pay attention to this point; Because the cleaner your nails are, the more beautiful and attractive they will be. The best suggestion is to always have a small nail brush in your bag and use it to clean your nails if necessary.

Always use top coat for your nails

Do not hesitate to buy a high-quality top coat and choose a good product for your nails. Be sure to use this cover when you don’t have enough time to polish your nails! Using a top coat will help your nails look much more beautiful.

 File your nails in one direction

Filing nails is a professional job, but if you learn the principles and method correctly, you can easily do this at home and have more beautiful nails. Regarding filing the nails, you should be careful to file the nails only in one direction so as not to cause any damage to the nails.

Use cuticle oil for your nails

Drying of the nail cuticle can easily affect the beauty of the nails and make even the most flawless nails look ugly and unhealthy. Always massage the nails and cuticles with a small tissue and natural oil such as chia oil. This oil is easily absorbed by the skin around the nails and helps to have healthier and more beautiful nails.

 Do not injure the nail cuticle

Biting the nails or wounding the nail cuticle can easily affect the beautiful appearance of the nails as well as the beauty of the hands. One of the easiest ways to prevent damage to the cuticle is to keep it moist.

Trim the nail cuticle with special tools

The thin skin on the nail (cuticle) is exposed to infection and it is necessary to take good care of it. The best way is to push the nail back a little using a special nail cuticle tool after washing your hands and drying your nails so that in addition to cleaning the nail cuticle, more opportunities for nails to grow are provided.

Be careful in choosing nail polish

Although it seems simple and easy to remove nail polish with strong nail polish removers, these products usually contain a lot of acetone, and after using them, in addition to removing the nail polish, a thin layer of the nail surface is also removed. It will go away and if you continue to use these nail polish removers, the surface of the nail will become weak and brittle and will lose its beauty and resistance. The best suggestion is to use an acetone-free nail polish pad.

Causes of broken nails

Nails play an important role in the beauty of hands and having healthy and beautiful nails increases people’s self-confidence. Nails play an important role in beauty , so today special attention is paid to the health of nails to ensure their beauty. Contrary to popular belief, calcium contains only 1% of the ingredients in nails, so its deficiency has little effect on the brittleness of nails.

There are several causes for brittle nails, and we will mention a few of them:

Nutritional deficiencies

Deficiencies of some micronutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamins A, B, C, D, E can cause nails to become brittle and flaky.


Iron deficiency anemia is a type of anemia that results in brittle nails.


Doing various things on the nails such as manicures, pedicures, nail implants, using artificial nails and… cause the nails to become brittle.

Remove excess nail polish with acetone

Note that varnish does not make the nails brittle, but some sources even mention that it strengthens the nails. (Especially some varnishes such as vegetable varnishes); However, regular cleaning of nails with acetone causes the nails to become brittle due to its solubility.


The brittleness of the nails increases with age, and in women, due to the thinner nails, this change is more visible and obvious.

Persistent damage to the nails

People who do certain things that damage their nails on a regular basis expose their nails to serious damage. For example, people who are in constant and daily contact with detergents.

Long nails

People who have long nails are certainly more prone to brittleness and damage than others.

Job contacts

In some occupations, such as carpentry, shoemaking, etc., the nails of the firefighter are exposed to wear and tear due to manual work. Occupations such as doctors, surgeons, and those who use strong detergents can also cause nail damage due to the solubility of these substances.

Skin problems and diseases

Various skin problems such as dry skin, fungal diseases and… can also cause nail damage.

The nail cuticle should not be removed

The cuticle is the part of the skin and nails that is cut and separated during the manicure. Note that the main nutrition for the growth of nails is done in this area, and this may mean that the cuticle is not in the health of your health.

You should know that peeling off this thin shell where the skin of the finger attaches to the nail is like removing the finger insulation.

The cuticle prevents germs from penetrating the skin and the base of the nail. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid digging and separating this seemingly extra part.

Nails grow more in the summer

Different seasons and in fact the amount of sunlight play an important role in the growth of nails. In this way, nails, like hair, grow better in the summer and in the sun. Because heat stimulates blood flow as well as more creatine, which builds nails.

It is good to know that being left-handed or right-handed also affects the growth of nails. In fact, the nails you write with grow faster because there is more blood circulation in the hand.

It takes six months for new nails to fall out

Shocks and blows to the nails cause them to fall and fall. But do not worry, because these nails grow back.

The resuscitation process takes 5 to 6 months, when the matrix needs to be attached to the nail bed.

This lasts longer for toenails and lasts between 9 and 12 months.

Men’s nails grow faster

In general, men’s nails grow faster than women’s.

Of course there is an exception. During pregnancy, a woman’s nails grow faster due to an increase in the hormone estrogen.

 Nail health, nail disease, nail polish, nails,

Excessive use of varnish suffocates the nails

Nail polish and its cleansers can damage and destroy nails.

Nails that are constantly manicured and varnished are weaker and softer, and their color changes to yellow-orange.

If you notice that your nails are weak and brittle, it is better not to use nail polish for a few months.

The tallest nails in the world are seven meters long

An American woman named Chris Welton, known as the “Duchess”, has broken the record for the longest nails in the world.

The nails of this lady’s right hand are 3 meters and 625 cm and her fingernails are 3 meters and 689 cm.

The length of this woman’s nails, which is recorded in the Guinness Book of Records, reached 7 meters and 314 centimeters in 2015. This lady has not cut her nails for about 25 years.

Brittle, scaly and cracked nails

If your nails are brittle, scaly and cracked, this problem is most likely due to environmental factors. So you can solve this problem by making small and simple changes in your lifestyle. For example, do not soak your hands and feet in water for very long periods of time, and be sure to dry them thoroughly after your hands or feet get wet. Use a mild soap to wash your hands and do not over-wash your hands. Try to avoid exposing your nails to chemicals such as strong varnishes and moisturize your nails regularly with cream.

But if nail fungus or psoriasis is the cause of your brittle nails, you need to treat it and the sooner you start treatment, the better the results. For the treatment of mild to moderate nail fungus, there are various creams, ointments and varnishes that can be obtained from pharmacies without a prescription. Another way to treat nail fungus is to use topical solutions for fungus and psoriasis. The special formulation of these solutions improves the appearance of the nail by hydrating it, smoothing the surface of the nail and reducing its discoloration. These changes will often be visible within two weeks. By penetrating the nail tissue, these solutions change the environmental conditions of the nail and prevent the growth of fungi.

In cases of severe nail fungus infection, topical treatments alone may not be effective, and your doctor may prescribe oral antifungal medications or laser treatment to remove the fungus.

How do I strengthen my nails?

The first step in treating and strengthening brittle nails is to eliminate the underlying causes of this problem and to take proper and proper care of the nails using the following methods:

Balanced diet

Having a balanced diet and consuming all the proteins, vitamins and minerals your body needs is very important for nail health. The role of biotin in the treatment of brittle nails is still debated, but the results of some research have shown that the use of this substance causes thickening of the nails.

Nail care

If your nails look dry, soak them in lukewarm water for 5 minutes every day and then apply a moisturizing cream to the nails and surrounding skin. You can use coconut oil or moisturizing hand creams for this purpose.

Avoid prolonged nail contact with water and detergents.

• Use gloves when doing household chores.

Trim your nails regularly, as long nails are more prone to damage.

• Do not overdo the use of lacquer and disinfectant solutions.

Wear appropriate shoes and always make sure that the front of the shoe has enough space for your toes.

Scrub your nails regularly to remove small fractures on the nail head, as small fractures can accelerate the process of complete nail breakage.

Nail polish: Some nail polishes on the market contain natural ingredients that are said to improve nail thickness. Of course, the effectiveness of these varnishes has not yet been fully evaluated.

When should I see a dermatologist?

You need to see a dermatologist if:

The above tips will not help treat your brittle nails.

Along with brittle nails, you have problems such as hair loss, anemia, extreme fatigue and other general symptoms.

Apart from brittle nails, you have noticed other symptoms such as holes in the nail surface, discoloration and roughness of the surface of your nails.