toenail infection

One of the annoying and painful complications is toenail infection, which is caused by a weak immune system, lack of care, and improper nail trimming.

Undoubtedly, knowing the factors that cause toenail infection will help the treatment process. It is possible that a toenail infection appears due to the proliferation of bacteria, fungi and viruses.

In addition, one of the effective factors in the occurrence of toenail infection is the improper growth of the nail inside the skin. Indentation of the nail in the flesh of the toe is formed when the corners of the nail next to it grow towards the skin. This complication causes pain in the form of inflammation.

Nail fungus is known as onychomycosis. Nail fungus is a widespread disease that appears as a yellow or white spot on the underside of the toenail. To the extent that the fungal infection becomes deeper, we will face a change in color, destruction of the edges of the nail and greater thickness.

In fact, during skin cuts and nail cracks, the ground is provided for the penetration of infection inside the toenail. If left untreated, toenail fungus can cause permanent damage to a person’s nails. It is better to know that toenail infection is a common phenomenon that is seen in abundance in people with diabetes and a weak immune system.

In people with diabetes and people with a weak immune system, due to the use of special drugs, there is a possibility that the infection will spread from the toenails and enter different parts of the body.

In fact, diabetes causes a decrease in nerve support in the foot and interferes with blood circulation. Therefore, a person is always exposed to bacterial skin infection or cellulitis.

Therefore, if you are diagnosed with a toenail infection, see a doctor as soon as possible.

Factors involved in the formation of toenail infection

Various fungal organisms in the body cause toenail infection. One of the fungi involved in the formation of infection is called Dermatophyte.

Along with fungi, yeasts, molds and molds are able to multiply and cause infection in toenails.

The occurrence of toenail infection increases during weakness in the body’s immune system and weakness in blood circulation to the lower parts of the body.

It is better to know that foot infection cannot be spread from one person to another.

One of the factors that causes the nail to sink into the flesh of the finger is doing sports activities that repeatedly put pressure on the foot. Sports such as football, ballet and kickboxing increase the possibility of ingrown toenails.

Ways to prevent toenail infection

One of the ways to prevent toenail infection is to change socks early. Anti-sweat and absorbent socks also play a significant role in reducing foot infections.

The best way to keep your toenails healthy is to wash your hands and feet regularly. Note that you should use moisturizing creams after washing.

Cut nails with nail clippers at regular intervals. Then at the end, disinfect the nail clipper with detergent.

Using the right shoes also plays a significant role in reducing toenail infections.

The most suitable shoes for toenail health are shoes made of breathable leather.

Undoubtedly, using old shoes with the accumulation of bacteria causes infection. Therefore, avoid wearing old shoes and, if necessary, clean the inside of the shoes with disinfectants or antifungal powders before wearing them.

Avoid using nail polish and sticking artificial nails.

  Do not walk barefoot in wet and public places.

  In pedicure and manicure salons, pay attention to the disinfection of usable tools.

Black toenails

Toenails are naturally white. But sometimes due to frequent use of nail polish, nutritional deficiencies, infection or trauma, color changes occur in them. There are various reasons that cause black toenails.

Of course, some of these darkness’s will be resolved by themselves. But if the blackness of the toenails does not improve, you should see a doctor to follow up on the more serious causes that caused this blackness, especially that it is not possible to damage the toenails through chewing, etc. Therefore, its treatment should be taken seriously.

Black toenails may be caused by the following:

Underlying disease

This underlying disease can include anemia, diabetes, heart disease, or kidney disease.

Fungal infections

However, fungal infections often appear white or yellow. But due to the accumulation of their remains, the toenail may turn black. Because toenails are vulnerable to fungal infections. Due to the fact that mushrooms grow in humid and warm environments. Therefore, the feet are the best place for them to grow.


Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer that often appears as a dark brown, misshapen spot. Such stains can be created under the nail plate.


A toenail injury is usually caused by an injury. This injury can cause blood vessels under the nail to rupture. The resulting bleeding under the nail appears black.

When should you see a doctor for black toenails?

Blackened toenails do not need to see a specialist doctor. If this complication requires medical treatment, it depends on the primary cause of its development. Knowing this reason can help you in this decision.

On the other hand, if you do not know the cause of your black toenail, but you guess that your black fingernail is a sign of a serious disease, it is better to see a doctor.

Not all cases of toenail fungus require a doctor’s visit. However, if you have diabetes, you should see your doctor to treat black toenails.

A dermatologist can also help diagnose and treat blackened toenails. If you suspect melanoma, you should see a dermatologist. However, if your black toenails are caused by another underlying health issue, such as diabetes, you should see your doctor to treat the cause.

In general, we can say that any black fingernail or toe that does not go away on its own should be examined by a doctor to be sure.

Does black toenail have complications?

If left untreated, toenail fungus can spread to the entire foot and other parts of the body. These fungi can also cause permanent damage to the nail. Therefore, they should be taken seriously.

The reason for nail brittleness

Nails, like the skin, are one of the external parts of the body, and as a result, care must be taken to take care of them. Nails are exposed to external and environmental factors and may be affected by various factors such as heat, pressure, color, chemicals, etc. This can affect their health. One of the problems caused by nails is their breakage. Brittle nails have several reasons, among which the following can be mentioned:

1. nail moisture

One of the reasons for this problem is the moisture of the nails. High humidity makes the nails brittle and as a result easily break, bend and also easily separate from the finger tissue. High humidity is one of the main reasons for brittle nails.

2. Nail biting

Other reasons for brittle nails include picking or chewing them. In fact, nail biting, in addition to damaging its texture, also causes the nail to become wet. Therefore, two nail fragility factors simultaneously affect the nail.

3. injury

Injuries and wounds on the surface of nails and fingers cause them to break. These factors can cause cracks, holes, or wear on the surface of the nail and eventually make them brittle.

4. Infectious diseases

Infectious diseases that affect nails can become one of the reasons for brittle nails. Bacteria, fungi and germs grow and multiply on the nail surface, they can damage the health of the nails and eventually cause them to become brittle.

5. Psoriasis disease

One of the most common causes of brittle nails is psoriasis. This disease causes the nails to be crushed, broken, torn and multi-branched. In addition to affecting the nail surface, this type of disease also damages the skin.

6. Thyroid disease

Thinning as well as dry and brittle nails can be related to hypothyroidism and other thyroid problems. If your nails are constantly cracked and this crack goes to the nail bed, it is better to see a doctor and evaluate your thyroid health.

7. Kidney disease

Kidney diseases can cause weakness of nails and consequently their fragility. This complication, which is caused by a decrease in blood albumin, is mostly related to kidney failure. To treat this problem, doctors recommend moisturizing your skin and nails with a moisturizing cream after each hand wash.

8. Skin Cancer

One of the signs of skin cancer is a change in the thickness of the nails. If the thickness of the nails decreases, the nail becomes soft and brittle.

Nail pain

Healthy nails are shiny and pink and should not feel uncomfortable. Some causes of nail pain resolve on their own, while others require treatment.

Nail infection (paronychia)

One of the common causes of nail pain is nail infection. In addition to pain, a nail infection causes swelling and redness of the finger, especially around the cuticle. A nail infection may also cause the nail to thicken and discharge pus from around the nail.

Fungal nail infection

When a fungus gets under or around the nail, a fungal nail infection occurs. Fungal infections, including yeasts and molds, can affect the nails. In addition to causing pain, the fungus causes the nails to turn yellow or white. Other symptoms of a fungal nail infection include thickening of the nail, crumbling, splitting, and separation from the skin. If left untreated, fungal nail infection can spread to other nails and the skin of the human body and in rare cases cause permanent damage to the nail bed.

Indented nail

Indented nails cause the sides of the nail to curve into the skin. This painful condition can occur when the nails are not trimmed properly, after an injury to the nail, or when a person wears shoes that are too tall or tight. Of all the nails, the big toe seems to be most likely to be at risk.

Symptoms of ingrown toenails include: swelling, tenderness, pain, redness, infection (if not treated) and the feeling of nail indentation. Ingrown toenails are not actually nails, but pieces of skin that break the edge of your nail. Ingrown toenails are a common type of painful nail condition that has a variety of causes, including nail biting, dry skin, irritating soaps, and cold temperatures. Nails may bleed. It’s important not to rip the nails, as doing so puts you at risk of infection.

Physical injury

While nails are strong, they can be damaged when something heavy falls on them or gets caught between a door. These injuries are usually painful because there are many nerves under and around the nails. Sometimes, physical damage to the nail causes bruising or it may fall off before the nail grows back. A bruised nail may become tender as it heals.

Nail biting

Nail biting can make the fingertips red and painful and cause bleeding. Additionally, nail biting (which involves biting the skin around the nail) increases the risk of nail infection. Quitting nail biting is usually enough to stop the painful symptoms caused by it.

Nail deformity

Some nail abnormalities are genetic and some are caused by disease, others are caused by external factors such as inappropriate shoes or nail biting. Normal clipping or pressing of the cuticles can also cause the deformity. Some of them, like ingrown toenails, can cause pain.

Pain by location

The location of your nail pain can sometimes provide insight into its cause.

Pain on the side or corner of the nail may be caused by: corns (especially when near the big toe), nail biting, in growing nails, nail injuries, infection, and deformity.

When your pain is in the nail bed, it is often caused by: infection, nail fungus, nail deformity, and physical injury.

Cuticle pain can be caused by: nail biting, corns, physical injury, infection, nail fungus, and nail deformity.

Cause of nail growth stop

All the organs of the body need several factors to grow. One of these organs is the nails, which cannot be neglected. Taking care of the nails is a natural thing, because the nails are considered a beautiful part of the human body. There are changes in the size of the thickness of the nails, but it must grow. If you are one of those people who have stopped or slowed down the growth of your nails, it is better to continue this article. Many factors can play a role in the growth and stopping of nails. Nails need various vitamins and minerals for optimal growth, each of which can be obtained through food and medicine. The normal growth of nails will be about 3 to 4 mm per month, and this happens more in hand nails, i.e. hand nails. They grow more than toenails, in conditions less than this, their growth is slow.

 Stopping nail growth:

The effect of anemia and improper nutrition on nail growth

One of the causes of nail growth is anemia. Meat, especially red meat, is rich in iron. Of course, white meat also contains protein and iron, but it is found more in red meat. If your child is interested in eating Meat does not show. Change the cooking method or replace it with white meats such as chicken or seafood. Legumes and eggs are also rich in protein and iron, but they are not absorbed by the body as much as meat. Calcium deficiency slows down the growth of nails. Calcium, zinc and phosphorus received in sufficient amount from dairy products, legumes and meat.

Lack of nail care

Factors such as constant use of nail polish can reduce the growth of nails, as well as strong abrasives to remove nail polish, not using a file to care for nails and prevent nails from becoming brittle can cause nails to become brittle, some children until adulthood. They also do not get rid of the habit of nail biting. Nail biting makes the sharp tips of the nails slow down and they do not grow well. Even the saliva of the mouth will cause the nails to peel and create fungi around the nails.

Genetics can affect nail growth

The shape and growth of nails can have a genetic basis. Some nails that grow or stop may be due to genetic factors, of course, one of the reasons for stopping nail growth is genetics.

Inappropriate shoes

Using narrow shoes or high heels puts a lot of pressure on the fingers and nails, which affects the growth of the nails

Decreased nail growth due to decreased body oil

The lack of healthy and useful oils in the body can cause the nails to not grow optimally. To compensate for this, it is necessary to use oils such as olive and sesame. Detergents cause brittleness and destroy the fat of the skin and nails. Use gloves when washing dishes. and massage your hands with glycerin oil or nail protective packs after taking a bath or washing dishes or hands

How do nails change with age?

Nails indicate the health of the body. Diseases, internal body processes, nutritional deficiencies, or prolonged contact with chemicals or ultraviolet light cause changes in the nails. Age also causes changes in the nails, which include changes in the rate of growth, texture, thickness, and shape, and nail color.

Nail growth rate

The rate of nail growth per month decreases with age. On average, fingernails grow about 3 mm and toe nails only 1 mm per month. At the beginning of the age of 25, the rate of nail growth is about half. The percentage decreases per year. Therefore, at the age of 85, fingernails may grow only 2 mm per month.

Nail texture

As we age, nails may become brittle. Excessive hand washing and drying, exposure to harsh cleaning agents, removing the skin around the nails, and polishing nails can worsen nail brittleness. Problems such as anemia, hardening of blood vessels (arteriosclerosis) and hormonal problems can cause brittle nails. If you notice a change in the texture of your nails, see a dermatologist.

Fungal infections

Nails become thicker with age. Skin diseases such as psoriasis and eczema can also cause nails to thicken. Fungal infections that cause the deformity of nails and are more common in the elderly can also cause thickening. and change the color of the nail. The nails of the toes are more vulnerable, because the shoes provide a warm and humid environment for the growth of skin fungi.

Male gender, smoking, suffering from certain diseases such as diabetes and immune system defects can make people prone to fungal nail infections. The pressure of tight shoes or foot deformity can cause the nail to sink into the flesh. The way to treat the infection Nail fungus includes the use of oral or topical antifungal medications. The type of medication you take depends on the severity of the infection and the medications you are taking, so it is better to treat fungal nail infection with the doctor’s order.

Nail shape

If the shape of the nail changes and becomes round, it can indicate a lack of oxygen. The roundness of the nail can occur in a variety of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, endocrine diseases, or diseases related to the digestive system.

The pressure of tight shoes or the deformity of the foot can cause the nail to sink into the flesh. This ingrown toenail is common among young people, but it also occurs in older people and causes significant pain and difficulty walking. Treatment for ingrown toenails is simple and involves soaking the foot with small pieces of cotton. Get the ingrown toenail out. A little surgery to get the nail out of the skin is very helpful to prevent ingrown toenails in the future.

 Nail color

With age, nails may become lighter and turn into the following colors: pale yellow, gray, pale, or cloudy. Fungal infection also changes the color of nails. One type of discoloration includes dark lines and or bumps along the length of the nail. People who have darker skin, with age, this type of color change occurs in their nails.

In some cases, dark nail lines can be a sign of a dangerous disease, such as melanoma, which is the most malignant skin cancer. In Bowen’s disease, which is a type of skin cancer, sometimes a black band appears on the fingernail. As a result of damage to the nail, bleeding or bruising may occur under the nail and cause a black band on the nail. This black bar will disappear by itself.

Nail fungus

What is the cause of nail fungus?

In healthy and normal people, fungal nail infection is mostly caused by sweat and humidity. One of the main places for the transfer and creation of fungi are public showers in swimming pools or gyms. Going to beauty salons to take care of nails is another factor for getting nail fungus. If sanitary equipment is not used in these centers, it will be possible to transfer and create fungus. Living with someone who has this problem can also cause the fungus to spread.

According to observations, athletes are more susceptible to nail fungus than other people, because they wear tight shoes and their socks stick to their feet and their nails suffer a lot of blows during training. For this reason, nail fungus is common in these people. In addition, chronic blows can also be a factor for weakening nails and putting them at risk of fungal infection.

Old age and suffering from some diseases also increase the possibility of nail fungus. Diseases are problems that affect the body’s immune system and, as a result, increase the possibility of fungal infection. For example, we can mention AIDS, types of diabetes (type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, etc.), cancer, psoriasis, etc. Taking immunosuppressive drugs such as steroids can have a similar effect and cause a yeast infection.

Is nail fungus contagious?

Although nail fungus is usually transmitted to a person from certain places, it is not very contagious. Nail fungus is so common that more than one person in the family is affected by it.

Symptoms of nail fungus

Most of the time, nail fungus is unpleasant in appearance before it causes pain and discomfort. Of course, there is pain and discomfort in some people. This pain and discomfort is aggravated by wearing shoes, doing activities and picking the nails in the wrong way. Some types of fungi affect the nail. One of the most common fungi is called Trichophyton rubrum. This type of fungus has a great tendency to infect the skin and is known as “dermatophyte” and reproduces in the following ways:

The fungus starts from the tip of the nail and covers it all

This condition is called terminal onychomycosis under the nail. This type of fungus is the most common type of infection and in 90% of cases, people involved with this problem are infected with this type of fungus.

Onychomycosis is mostly seen in the toes, and the big toe is usually the first toe where the fungus is seen. Risk factors for this type of nail fungus include aging, swimming, athlete’s foot syndrome, psoriasis, types of diabetes, having fungus in family members or having a suppressed immune system. This fungus usually starts with a change in color at the corner of the big toenail and slowly moves towards the root of the nail. Finally, the toenails become brittle and flaky. Sometimes, you may also see symptoms of athlete’s foot syndrome in the area between the toes or peeling of the soles of the feet. This condition often occurs along with onychomycosis, the main cause of which is T. It is in front of me.

The fungus starts from the base of the nail and covers it all

This type of nail fungus is called primary onychomycosis under the nail. Among the types of fungi, this type has the lowest prevalence and is seen in only 3% of cases. This type of fungus is similar to the previous one, but the difference is that it starts from the base of the nail and slowly extends to the tip of the nail. This nail fungus is always seen in those whose immune system is weak. Unlike the previous case, in this case the fungus is rarely seen under the nail tip. The main cause of this type of fungus is T. rubrum and non-dermatophytic fungi.

How to diagnose nail fungus?

Physical examination alone is not a suitable method to diagnose nail fungus. Various conditions and problems can look similar to nail fungus. So the work of doctors in diagnosis is somewhat difficult. In fact, studies show that only 50 to 60 percent of cases of abnormal nail changes are caused by fungus. Therefore, laboratory tests are always needed for correct diagnosis.

A sample of the nail, by making a hole or removing a part of it, is sent to the laboratory for further examination. In the laboratory, the sample is examined and cultured and tested by polymerase chain reaction. This is done to detect the genetics of organisms. It takes about 6 weeks for sampling and culture to determine the test result. But PCR takes only one day. Of course, the cost of this test is high and therefore, it is done less frequently.

Your Nail’s color

Are your nails black?

Blackening of nails is not always a concern. Apart from bruises caused by pressure and impact that can turn your nails black, these problems, some of which are low-risk and some are troublesome, can be the reason for your nails turning black.
The first reason: The first reason that can lead to the blackening of your nails is the change in pigmentation that happens due to genetic reasons. Just as a change in the color of the grains can lead to the birth of a mole on your body, your nails can also turn black with such a change.
The second reason: if only a dark line extends from the lower part of the skin of your nail to its tip (or if the size and shape of this line changes quickly), be careful! Your problem that this vertical line has turned green on your nail is more serious than we can summarize it in the form of changing pigments. A skin tumor may present itself in the form of this black appearance. Experts say that seeing such marks on the nails, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The third reason: if you see such a line on your nail, keep your cool. There may be no cancer or death and only a fungal infection that shows itself in dark gray or green color living under your nail.

Are your nails blue?

Owners of blue nails are not as lucky as owners of black nails. The former group, if they have not suffered from skin cancer, can remove the blackness of their nails with simple methods, but those who have blue nails need serious treatment for their problem.
The first reason: the blueness of your nails can indicate a blood supply disorder in your body. You, who see this color on your hand, probably have a problem that does not allow enough blood oxygen to reach your fingertips. Maybe a simple disorder in blood circulation is the cause of this ugliness.
Second reason: Your problem may be much more serious than a simple disorder. Having serious heart disease or lung problems can cause problems in your circulatory system and make your nails look blue by not getting oxygen to them.

Are your nails white?

There are countless troubling problems that can cause your nails to turn white. In the most optimistic conditions, those who have white nails are a little nervous, but among these people, there are not few people who suffer from serious disorders in the functioning of their internal organs.
The first reason: Malnutrition and lack of necessary nutrients to the body can be one of the most basic physical problems that manifests itself in the form of white and pale nails.
The second reason: if instead of your whole nail turning white, only white spots appear on it, see a neurologist. Maybe you are constantly manipulating and pressing your nails throughout the day without realizing it. But if your nerves are not weak, you are probably doing housework all the time, and while working, your nails are hit, which causes them to become stained.
The third reason: But the most important possibility that should be taken seriously is liver disease, so if you eat well, go to a liver specialist as soon as you see the whiteness of your nails. According to experts, white nails, especially if they have a dark border, may indicate serious liver diseases.

Are your nails yellow?

Not all nail problems are caused by internal diseases. Sometimes negligence in taking care of this apparently resistant organ or neglecting its hygiene can cause its color change or shape change. Owners of yellow nails are often included in the group of careless people.
First reason: Fungal infections can be the cause of yellowing of your nails. If you have implanted your nails, it is better to check the possibility of infection before investigating other possible reasons and get rid of the thought of re-implantation. If you do not take care of this problem as soon as possible, the infections may show themselves in the form of thickening of your nails.
Second reason: these probabilities are not very strong. But in some cases, owners of yellow nails complain of more serious diseases such as thyroid, lung problems, diabetes and arthritis.
The third reason: If you keep the nail polish on your nails for a long time and only change the color of your nails without letting them breathe for a few days, you should also make your nails yellow. Fortunately, in this case, after a few days of resting the nails and strengthening them, the yellow color will decrease to a great extent.

What is nail psoriasis and how do I treat it?

Psoriasis is a chronic disease of the immune system that causes the body to produce many skin cells and excessive production of cells on the skin will be accompanied by the formation of red scales, white and silver spots or blisters.
Psoriasis can occur anywhere on the body, including the chest, arms, legs, and nails. About thirty-five percent of people with psoriasis notice changes in their nails, and the reason why nail psoriasis is seen in some people and not in others has not yet been definitively determined by doctors.
In the following, we will discuss the complete examination of nail psoriasis, symptoms and treatment measures.

What is nail psoriasis?

Nail psoriasis leads to changes in fingernails and toenails, from discoloration to changes in the shape of the nail bed. These symptoms can have psychological and physical effects on a person and affect the quality of life. Nail psoriasis is usually associated with other forms of the disease, because nails are part of the skin, and it can resemble a fungal infection such as onychomycosis, which is accompanied by thickening of the nails. In addition, onychomycosis often occurs together with nail psoriasis, which can make the diagnosis difficult.

The correct and timely diagnosis of this disease is very important, because the treatment of fungal infection is different from the treatment of nail psoriasis, and every person suffering from psoriasis with nail changes should make sure that the doctor has sufficient information about psoriasis or no

Signs and symptoms of nail psoriasis

Observing the following changes in fingernails and toenails can be a sign of nail psoriasis.

Nail color change: nails may turn white, yellow or brown, and in some cases, small white or red spots may be seen under the nails.
Nail surface changes: such as the formation of ridges or grooves in the nails or the formation of small holes in the nail surface.
Accumulation of debridement: white and plaster-like substances accumulate under the nail, which can cause the nail to separate from the skin, which will also be accompanied by pain.
Nail thickening: About one-third of people with nail psoriasis are involved in fungal infections, which eventually lead to nail thickening and can also cause nail brittleness.
Detachment of the nail: the nail loosens or separates from the nail bed.
The occurrence of some of the mentioned symptoms can make it difficult to move the fingers and toes, and pain and stiffness will be felt in the nails.

Prevention of nail psoriasis

Nail care is one of the most effective ways to treat and prevent nail psoriasis. Compliance with the following measures will also be effective:

Keeping the nails short in order to prevent damage or lifting of the nail from the bed.
Refrain from chewing or picking nails.
Use protective gloves when playing sports, washing dishes, or when hands are in water.
Keeping nails clean to prevent infection.
Using moisturizing cream on nails to prevent cracking and brittle nails.
Refraining from cleaning nails with sharp objects, in order to prevent nail separation.
Wearing shoes that fit the size of the foot, so that there is enough space for the toes.

Nail color disorders

White spot on the nail

White spot in the nail is a type of nail disorder that occurs in connection with another disease called hypoalbuminemia (lower blood albumin than normal). This disease is characterized by complete whiteness or a white spot on the nail. This condition can appear by taking cytotoxic drugs (a type of anti-cancer drug) on ​​the nail, in which case white parallel lines appear on the nail. White spots have developed as a side effect of chemotherapy in several patients with glandular disease. Sometimes white nails occur due to arsenic poisoning (a type of toxic substance), lung infections or kidney failure.
This disease can be in many forms, in the form of white spots, white lines, and white broken lines. Change in the color of the small dermatrix of the nail (nail root), whiteness, pink or red color in more than half of the nail, white spots on the sides of the nail near the cuticle is one of the types of this disease. White lines are defined as transverse lines on the nail, while white interrupted lines show the whole nail as white, and white spots sometimes appear on the nail.

Bio – beau lines

These lines are defined as deep furrowed lines on the fingernail, which appear from one side of the nail to the other side. These lines are generally bilateral and occur during several physical diseases, such as temporary stoppage of nail growth. Doctors also believe that these diseases can occur due to infection or some problems in the nails. Unilateral bio line is very unusual and this line appears as a raised or depressed fracture on the nail. Bio lines can occur for several reasons.
One of these causes is malnutrition. Lack of iron and zinc and in conditions such as anemia or diabetes and major metallurgical problems can cause this disease in the nails. This problem can be solved by cleaning the nails, by keeping the nails short and using a nail moisturizer and nail cuticle (a thin layer of skin in the part where the nail grows, which the nail is fed from) and He used less nail polish and nail cleaners.

Yellow nail syndrome

This type of nail disorder is very rare. This disorder is a combination of lymph bronchiectasis (a chronic disease of bronchial dilation in the lungs with bad breath) and pneumonia or pleurisy. The symptoms of this disease are swelling of the lymph nodes in different parts of the body, especially in the hands and feet. 50% of this disease is difficult to treat. This disease occurs more often in toenails than in fingernails and causes the nail plate to separate from the nail blade (the nail blade is the white part of the nail that grows outward). Both the nail and the skin under the nail can be affected by this disease and it can turn that part of the skin yellow, black, white and green. This disease is often associated with diabetes and respiratory disorders. Yellow nail syndrome is more likely to occur in middle age, but under hereditary factors, it can also put young people at risk of this disease.

Flip your nails over and see what color they are. Are they bright and pink or blue and blue? Are they shiny and hard or do they break easily and are they linear? You may see these seven signs mentioned below on your nails, don’t just think about the beauty of your hands and feet and don’t try to cover up the flaws and health of your nails with manicure. Researchers say that if the nails do not have a good shape and color, in addition to the nails becoming ugly, they are also a sign of a disease that you should not ignore.